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Michael Anderson
Programme leader, Memory and perception group
01223 273695

I am a member of the Memory Research Group. My research interests include:

  • Cognitive and neural basis of long-term memory
  • Memory control and motivated forgetting
  • Inhibitory processes in memory, attention, and action
  • Mechanisms of cognitive control
  • Processes underlying incidental forgetting
  • Translating basic science on memory control to understanding and treatment of PTSD
  • Mnemonic attention and semantic working memory
  • Individual differences in controlling unwanted memories and their relationship to clinical disorders

For detailed information on my research, please see my webpages at


Suppressing Unwanted Memories

Anderson, M.C. & Green, C. (2001). Suppressing unwanted memories by executive control. Nature, v410, n 6826, 131-134.

Anderson, M.C., Ochsner, K., Kuhl, B., Cooper, J., Robertson, E., Gabrieli, S.W., Glover, G., & Gabrieli, J.D.E. (2004). Neural systems underlying the suppression of unwanted memories. Science, V 303, 232-235.

Levy, B.J., & Anderson, M.C. (2008). Individual differences in suppressing unwanted memories: the executive deficit hypothesis. Acta Psychologica, 127, 623-635.

Anderson, M.C., & Levy, B (2009). Suppressing unwanted memories. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 18 (4) 189-194.

Paz-Alonso, P.M., Ghetti, S., Matlen, B.J., Anderson, M.C., & Bunge, S.A. (2009) Memory suppression is an active process that improves over childhood. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 3, 1-6

Anderson, M.C., Reinholz, J., & Kuhl, B. & Mayr, U. (2011). Intentional suppression of unwanted memories grows more difficult as we age. Psychology and Aging. 26, 397-405.

Anderson, M.C., & Huddleston, E. (2011). Towards a Cognitive and Neurobiological Model of Motivated Forgetting. In Belli, R. F. (Ed.), True and false recovered memories: Toward a reconciliation of the debate. Vol. 58: Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. New York: Springer.

Retrieval-Induced Forgetting

Anderson, M.C., Bjork, R.A., & Bjork, E.L. (1994). Remembering can cause forgetting: Retrieval dynamics in long-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 20, 1063-1087.

Anderson, M.C., & Bjork, R.A. (1994). Mechanisms of inhibition in long-term memory: A new taxonomy. In D. Dagenbach & T. Carr (Eds.), Inhibitory Processes in Attention, Memory and Language (pp 265-326). San Diego: Academic Press.

Anderson, M.C., & Spellman, B.A. (1995). On the status of inhibitory mechanisms in cognition: Memory retrieval as a model case. Psychological Review, 102, 68-100.

Anderson, M.C., & McCulloch, K.C. (1999). Integration as a general boundary condition on retrieval-induced forgetting. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 25, 608-629.

Anderson, M.C., Bjork, E.L., & Bjork, R.A. (2000). Retrieval-induced forgetting: Evidence for a recall-specific mechanism. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 7, 522-530.

Anderson, M.C., Green, C., & McCulloch, K.C. (2000). Similarity and inhibition in long-term memory: Evidence for a two-factor model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 26, 1141-1159.

Anderson, M.C., & Bell, T. (2001). Forgetting our facts: The role of inhibitory processes in the loss of propositional knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130. 544-570.

Levy, B. & Anderson, M.C. (2002). Inhibitory processes and the control of memory retrieval. Trends in Cognitive Science, 6, 299-305.

Anderson, M.C. (2003). Rethinking interference theory: Executive control and the mechanisms of forgetting. Invited featured paper, Journal of Memory and Language, 49, 415-445.

Johnson, S.K., & Anderson, M.C. (2004). The role of inhibitory control in forgetting semantic knowledge. Psychological Science. 15, 448-453.

Levy, B.J., McVeigh, N., Marful, A., & Anderson, M.C. (2007). Inhibiting your native language: The role of retrieval-induced forgetting during second-language acquisition. Psychological Science, 18, 29-34.

Goodmon, L., & Anderson, M.C. (2011). Semantic integration as a boundary condition on inhibitory processes in episodic retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition.

Hulbert, M.C., Shivde, G.S., & Anderson, M.C. (2011). Evidence against associative blocking as a cause of cue-independent retrieval-induced forgetting. Experimental Psychology.

Semantic Attention and Semantic Working Memory

Kuhl, B., & Anderson, M.C. (2011). More is not always better: Paradoxical effects of repetition on semantic accessibility. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.

Shivde, G.S., & Anderson, M.C. (2011). On the existence of semantic working memory: Evidence for direct semantic maintenance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition.

CBSU publications