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Who makes good use of memory-aids? Results of a survey of 100 people with acquired brain injury
EVANS, J.J., WILSON, B.A., Needham, P., & Brentnall, S
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society , 9(6), 925-935
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Wilson and Watson (1996) identified several factors that were associated with use of memory aids and strategies in a group of people with acquired brain injury. The present study tested these findings, with the aim of identifying the variables that best predict effective use of memory-aids after brain injury. 101 people with memory problems arising from brain injury and their carers were interviewed to identify the aids/strategies used to compensate for memory impairment, and the efficacy of their use. Information relating to variables previously found, or hypothesised to predict use of memory-aids was collected. Use of memory aids correlated with level of independence. External aids such as calendars, wall charts and notebooks were the most commonly used memory-aids. Electronic organisers were not used by many participants. The variables that best predicted use of memory-aids were; 91) current age; (2) time since injury (3) number of aids used pre-morbidly; (4) a measure of attentional functions. The implications for rehabilitation services are discussed.