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Joni Holmes
Research staff, Memory and perception group
01223 273765
  • Working memory, executive function and attention
  • Dimensional approaches to understanding cognitive developmental disorders
  • Cognitive training

I am the Head of the Centre for Attention Learning and Memory, a developmental research facility at the Cognition & Brain Sciences Unit that specialises in understanding the cognitive, neural and genetic dimensions of learning difficulties (see  
        • Waterman, A., Atkinson, A., Aslam, S., Holmes, J., Jaroslawska, A., & Allen, R. (2017). Do actions speak louder than words? Examining children’s ability to follow instructions. Memory and Cognition, in press.
        • Yang T., Allen R., Holmes J., Chan R.C.K. (2017). Following instructions in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): The benefits of action at presentation and recall. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology, in press.
        • Holmes, J., Byrne, E., Gathercole, S.E., & Ewbank, M.P. (2016). Transcranial random noise does not enhance the effects of working memory training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28, 1471-1483.
        • Hawkins, E., Gathercole S.E, Astle D., Holmes J. (2016). Language problems and ADHD symptoms: How specific are the links?. Brain Sciences, 6 (4), 50
        • Gathercole, S.E., Woolgar, F., the CALM Team, Manly, T., Astle, D., Kievit, R., & Holmes, J. (2016). How common are WM deficits in children with difficulties in reading and mathematics? Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 5 (4), 384-394
        • Jaroslawska, A. J., Gathercole, S. E., Allen, R., & Holmes, J. (2016). Following instructions from working memory: Why does action at encoding and recall help? Memory & Cognition, 44: 1183-1191.
        • Jaroslawska, A. J., Gathercole, S. E., Logie, M. R., & Holmes, J. (2016). Following instructions in a virtual school: Does working memory play a role? Memory & Cognition, 44, 580-589.
        • Holmes, J., Butterfield, S., Cormack, F., van Loenhoud, A., Ruggero, L., Kashikar, L., & Gathercole, S.E. (2015). Improving working memory in children with low language abilities, Frontiers in Developmental Psychology, 6, 519.
        • Holmes, J., Hilton, K.A., Place, M., Alloway, T.P., Elliott, J.G., & Gathercole, S.E. (2014). Children with low working memory and children with ADHD: same or different? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 976.
        • Gathercole, S.E., & Holmes, J. (2014). Developmental impairments of working memory: Profiles and interventions. Perspectives on Language and Literacy, 40, 36.
        • Dunning, D.L., & Holmes, J. (2014). Does working memory training promote the use of strategies on untrained working memory tasks? Memory & Cognition, DOI: 10.3758/s13421-014-0410-5.
        • Zirk-Sadowski, J., Szucs, D., & Holmes, J. (2013). Content specificity in verbal short-term and verbal working memory. PLoS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079528.
        • Dunning, D.L., Holmes, J., & Gathercole, S.E. (2013).Does working memory training improve the classroom performance of children with poor working memory? A randomised controlled trial. Developmental Science, 16, 915-25.
        • Holmes, J., & Gathercole, S.E. (2013). Taking working memory training from the laboratory into schools. Educational Psychology, 34, 440-450.
        • Bennett, S., Holmes, J., & Buckley, S. (2013). Computerised memory training leads to sustained improvement in visuo-spatial short term memory skills in children with Down syndrome. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 118, 179-192.
        • Gathercole, S.E., Dunning, D.L., & Holmes, J. (2012). Cogmed training: Let's be realistic about intervention research. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 1, 201-203.
        • Holmes, J. (2012). Working memory and learning difficulties. Dyslexia Review, 23, 7-10.
        • Holmes, J. (2011). Baby Brain: Training executive control in infancy. Current Biology, 21, R684-R685.
        • Alloway, T P., Elliott, J., & Holmes, J (2010). The prevalence of ADHD-like symptoms in a community sample. Journal of Attention Disorders, 14, 52-56.
        • Holmes, J., Gathercole, S.E., & Dunning, D.L. (2010). Poor working memory: Impact and Interventions. In P.Bauer (Ed.) Advances in Child Development and Behaviour, Volume 39, Developmental Disorders and Interventions, J.Holmes, Academic Press: London, UK, 2010, pp.1-43.
        • Elliott, J., Gathercole, S.E., Alloway, T.P., Holmes, J., & Kirkwood, H. (2010). An Evaluation of a Classroom-Based Intervention to Help Overcome Working Memory Difficulties and Improve Long-Term Academic Achievement. Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, 9, 227-250.
        • Holmes, J., Gathercole, S E., Place, M., Dunning, D L., Hilton, K A., & Elliott, J G (2010). Working memory deficits can be overcome: Impacts of training and medication on working memory in children with ADHD, Applied Cognitive Psychology. 24, 827-836.
        • Holmes, J., Gathercole, S E., Place, M., Alloway, T P., Elliott, J G., & Hilton, K A. (2010). The diagnostic utility of executive function assessments in the identification of ADHD in children, Child & Adolescent Mental Health, 15, 37-43.
        • Alloway, T P., Gathercole, S E., Holmes, J., Place, M., & Elliott, J (2009). The diagnostic utility of behavioural checklists in identifying children with ADHD and children with working memory deficits. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 40, 353-366.
        • Holmes, J., Gathercole, S E., & Dunning, D L. (2009). Adaptive training leads to sustained enhancement of poor working memory in children, Developmental Science, 12, F9-F15.
        • Gathercole, S E., Alloway, T P., Kirkwood, H J., Elliott, J E., Holmes, J., & Hilton, K. (2008). Attentional and executive function behaviours in children with poor working memory. Learning and Individual Differences, 18, 214-223.
        • Holmes, J., Adams, J.W., & Hamilton, C J. (2008). Visuo-spatial working memory capacity and children's mathematical skills. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 20, 272-289.
      • Holmes, J. & Adams, J W. (2006). Working memory and children's mathematical skills: Implications for mathematical development and mathematics curricula. Educational Psychology, 26, 339-366.
    • Muncer, S.J., Craigie, M., & Holmes, J. (2003) Meta-Analysis and Power: Some suggestions for the use of power in research synthesis. Understanding Statistics, 2, 1-12.
      • 2016-2018       Executive functions in affective contexts and emotion regulation capacity in adolescence. MRC Director’s Strategic Fund Award £40k. S. Schweizer, R. Kievit & J. Holmes
      • 2013-2015       Remediating reading difficulties: can working memory training really help? British Academy, £10k. J Holmes, D Dunning, S Gathercole
      • 2013-2014 Using transcranial electrical stimulation to enhance the effects of cognitive training (£35k). MRC Directors Strategic Fund, J Holmes & M Ewbank.
      •  2012-2015 Computerised training of working memory (Cogmed RM) in children who have survived a traumatic brain injury: A randomised controlled trial. (£125K). Action Medical Research. A Adlam, L Shepston, S Gathercole, J Holmes, F Gracey
      • 2011-2013 Working memory training (Cogmed RM) following paediatric acquired brain injury: a pilot study (£7k). British Academy: A Adlam, SE Gathercole, J Holmes
      • 2010-2011 Making working memory really work (£125k). ESRC: SE Gathercole, J Holmes.
      • 2010-2010 The effects of cognitive training on cognitive performance of young people at increased risk of depression: a pilot study. (£7K). Oxfordshire Health Services Research Committee (OHSRC). Z Mannie, P Cowan, J Holmes.
      • 2009-2010 Improving working memory for children with Down Syndrome (£44k). Bailey Thomas Charitable Fund: SJ Bennett, S Buckley, J Holmes, SE Gathercole.
      • 2007-2008 An evaluation of a computerised working memory training programme in children who receive stimulant medication for ADHD (£125k). British Academy: J Holmes, SE Gathercole.
    • 2001-2004 Working memory and children's mathematical skills. (£24k). Departmental Studentship, University of Durham: J Holmes.
CBSU publications