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Shortlist: A connectionist model of continuous speech recognition.
Cognition, 52, 189-234.
Year of publication:
Previous work has shown how a back-propagation network with recurrent connections can successfully model many aspects of human spoken word recognition (Norris, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1993). However, such networks are unable to revise their decisions in the light of subsequent context. TRACE (McClelland and Elman, 1986), on the other hand, manages to deal appropriately with following context, but only by using a highly implausible architecture that fails to account for some important experimental results. A new model is presented which displays the more desirable properties of each of these models. In contrast to TRACE the new model is entirely bottom-up and can readily perform simulations with vocabularies of tens of thousands of words.