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Interacting cognitive subsystems: A psycholinguistic approach to short-term memory.
Barnard, P.J.
In A. Ellis (Ed.), Progress in the Psychology of Language, Vol. 2 (pp.197-258). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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A distributed architecture for human cognition is proposed in which functionally independent subsystems perform specific processing operations and interact with each other over a data network. All subsystems have the same internal organisation of constituent resources that support the representation, storage and recoding of information. Subsystems operate in different domains of processing but are governed by a common set of processing principles. Whilst the framework provides for a broadly based constituent analysis of cognitive resources, this chapter focuses on STM phenomena. Relevant processes are motivated by the requirements of language understanding and production. Standard or “modal” strategies are defined for the use of these processes in short term serial recall tasks. The chapter seeks to provide internally consistent accounts of a range of robust STM phenomena. These include phenomena associated with modality of presentation, word length, articulatory suppression, phonological similarity, suffixes, grouping and very rapid presentation.