People

Tristan Bekinschtein
Research staff, Executive processes group

tristan.bekinschtein@mrc-cbu.cam.ac.uk
01223 355294 x.321

I am Wellcome Trust Biomedical Research Fellow Since 2011. This is a 5-year scheme for young researchers to establish their own lines of research. After four years of postdoctoral studies, one in Paris and three here at the CBU I am now an Independent Researcher mainly linked to the Executive Processes Group.

I have wide Interests in Cognition and neurophysiology. In the last few years I have been mainly concentrating in describing different states of consciousness such as awake, sleep, sedation, vegetative state. My new line of work is primarily looking at how we lose consciousness and how we get it back.

I am mainly attacking the limits of cognition in the process of falling asleep or getting sedated (losing consciousness) with a combination of behavioural measures, brain markers of cognitive processes and brain markers of the micro-conscious state. Together with my students and collaborators we use behaviour measures, electromyography, electroencephalography, functional MRI, intracranial electrodes and transcranial magnetic stimulation, to respond the main questions at the intersection between awareness and wakefulness.

A full CV, publications and miscellanea are here. In the page of the Consciousness and Cognition Lab.

Selected Publications

This is the first experimental paper showing how spatial attention and decision-making changes during the transition to sleep.    Bareham, C., Manly, T., Scott, S. K. & Bekinschtein, T. (2014) Rightward shift in spatial attention with sleep onset. Nature Scientific Reports (Minor Revisions).   In this paper we use auditory stimuli (again) to catch attention when it ishould be absent  (In patients with disorders of consciosness)   Chennu, Finoia, Kamau, Monti, Allanson, Pickard, Owen, Bekinschtein. Dissociable endogenous and exogenous attention in disorders of consciousness.Neuroimage Clin. 2013 Oct 16;3:450-461.   Here we use the prediction error framework to track down the neurodynamics and interpret bottom-up and top-down mechanisms in EEG and intracranial recordings in humans   Chennu, Noreika, Gueorguiev, Blenkmann, Kochen, Ibanez, Owen, and Bekinschtein. (2013) Expectation and attention in hierarchical auditory prediction. J of Neuroscience 33,11194-11205   Our first paper with intracranial recordings (from Argentina) showing how action and language causally interact   Ibáñez, Cardona, Vidal Dos Santos, Blenkmann, Aravena, Roca, Hurtado, Nerguizian, Amoruso, Gómez-Arévalo, Chade, Dubrovsky, Gershanik, Kochen, Glenberg, Manes and Bekinschtein. Motor-Language Coupling: Direct Evidence from Early Parkinson’s Disease and intracranial cortical recordings. Cortex (2012).   A short review defining some ideas at the crossroads between wakefulness, attention and awareness   Chennu and Bekinschtein (2012). Arousal modulates auditory attention and awareness: insights from sleep, sedation and disorders of consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology (Consciousness Research).2012 (3) 0065.   Our take on the relationship between conditioning and consciousness.   Bekinschtein, Peeters, Shalom and Sigman (2011). Sea slugs, subliminal pictures and vegetative state patients: Boundaries of consciousness in classical conditioning. Frontiers in Psychology. Article also available from Google Books (pages 32-38).    A review summarising cognition while falling asleep   Goupil and Bekinschtein (2012). Cognitive processing during the transition to Sleep. Archives Italiennes de Biologie. 2012 Jun-Sep;150(2-3):140-54.   A key paper detecting consciousness with EEG in unconscious patients   Cruse, Chennu, Chatelle, Bekinschtein, Fernandez-Espejo, Pickard, Laureys and Owen. (2011) Bedside detection of awareness in the vegetative state. Lancet.   Our first paper on mechanisms of mirth (more to come)   Bekinschtein, Davis, Coleman, Rodd and Owen (2011).Why Clowns taste funny? A study on how we process jokes through semantic ambiguity. Journal of Neuroscience.   Unconscious patients activate the motor cortex to command   Bekinschtein, Manes, Villarreal, Owen and DellaMaggiore. (2011) fMRI reveals movement preparatory brain activity in presumably unconscious vegetative state patients. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2011 Jan 27;5:5   Learning in unconscious patients   Bekinschtein, Shalom, Forcato, Herrera, Manes and Sigman. Classical conditioning in the vegetative and minimally conscious state. Nature Neuroscience 12, 1343 - 1349 (2009). Press Coverage (September 2009): BBC, New Scientist, The Scientist, On-Line Focus (Denmark), La Nacion (Argentina)   Memory strategies in the real world   Bekinschtein, Cardozo, Manes. Strategies of  Buenos Aires Waiters to Enhance Memory Capacity in a Real-life Setting. Behavioral Neurology 2009, 20 (4);65-70.    Neural markers of auditory consciousness   Bekinschtein, Dehaene, Rohaut, Tadel, Cohen, Naccache. Neural signature of the conscious processing of auditory regularities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106.5 (2009): 1672-1677.