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Michael Anderson
Programme leader

michael.anderson@mrc-cbu.cam.ac.uk
01223 767703

I am a member of the Memory Research Group. My research interests include:

  • Cognitive and neural basis of long-term memory
  • Memory control and motivated forgetting
  • Inhibitory processes in memory, attention, and action
  • Mechanisms of cognitive control
  • Processes underlying incidental forgetting
  • Translating basic science on memory control to understanding and treatment of PTSD
  • Mnemonic attention and semantic working memory
  • Individual differences in controlling unwanted memories and their relationship to clinical disorders

For detailed information on my research, please see my webpages at http://www.memorycontrol.net/


KEY PUBLICATIONS IN DIFFERENT AREAS


Suppressing Unwanted Memories


Anderson, M.C. & Green, C. (2001). Suppressing unwanted memories by executive control. Nature, v410, n 6826, 131-134.

Anderson, M.C., Ochsner, K., Kuhl, B., Cooper, J., Robertson, E., Gabrieli, S.W., Glover, G., & Gabrieli, J.D.E. (2004). Neural systems underlying the suppression of unwanted memories. Science, V 303, 232-235.

Levy, B.J., & Anderson, M.C. (2008). Individual differences in suppressing unwanted memories: the executive deficit hypothesis. Acta Psychologica, 127, 623-635.

Anderson, M.C., & Levy, B (2009). Suppressing unwanted memories. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 18 (4) 189-194.

Paz-Alonso, P.M., Ghetti, S., Matlen, B.J., Anderson, M.C., & Bunge, S.A. (2009) Memory suppression is an active process that improves over childhood. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 3, 1-6

Anderson, M.C., Reinholz, J., & Kuhl, B. & Mayr, U. (2011). Intentional suppression of unwanted memories grows more difficult as we age. Psychology and Aging. 26, 397-405.

Anderson, M.C., & Huddleston, E. (2011). Towards a Cognitive and Neurobiological Model of Motivated Forgetting. In Belli, R. F. (Ed.), True and false recovered memories: Toward a reconciliation of the debate. Vol. 58: Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. New York: Springer.


Retrieval-Induced Forgetting


Anderson, M.C., Bjork, R.A., & Bjork, E.L. (1994). Remembering can cause forgetting: Retrieval dynamics in long-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 20, 1063-1087.

Anderson, M.C., & Bjork, R.A. (1994). Mechanisms of inhibition in long-term memory: A new taxonomy. In D. Dagenbach & T. Carr (Eds.), Inhibitory Processes in Attention, Memory and Language (pp 265-326). San Diego: Academic Press.

Anderson, M.C., & Spellman, B.A. (1995). On the status of inhibitory mechanisms in cognition: Memory retrieval as a model case. Psychological Review, 102, 68-100.

Anderson, M.C., & McCulloch, K.C. (1999). Integration as a general boundary condition on retrieval-induced forgetting. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 25, 608-629.

Anderson, M.C., Bjork, E.L., & Bjork, R.A. (2000). Retrieval-induced forgetting: Evidence for a recall-specific mechanism. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 7, 522-530.

Anderson, M.C., Green, C., & McCulloch, K.C. (2000). Similarity and inhibition in long-term memory: Evidence for a two-factor model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 26, 1141-1159.

Anderson, M.C., & Bell, T. (2001). Forgetting our facts: The role of inhibitory processes in the loss of propositional knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130. 544-570.

Levy, B. & Anderson, M.C. (2002). Inhibitory processes and the control of memory retrieval. Trends in Cognitive Science, 6, 299-305.

Anderson, M.C. (2003). Rethinking interference theory: Executive control and the mechanisms of forgetting. Invited featured paper, Journal of Memory and Language, 49, 415-445.

Johnson, S.K., & Anderson, M.C. (2004). The role of inhibitory control in forgetting semantic knowledge. Psychological Science. 15, 448-453.

Levy, B.J., McVeigh, N., Marful, A., & Anderson, M.C. (2007). Inhibiting your native language: The role of retrieval-induced forgetting during second-language acquisition. Psychological Science, 18, 29-34.

Goodmon, L., & Anderson, M.C. (2011). Semantic integration as a boundary condition on inhibitory processes in episodic retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition.

Hulbert, M.C., Shivde, G.S., & Anderson, M.C. (2011). Evidence against associative blocking as a cause of cue-independent retrieval-induced forgetting. Experimental Psychology.


Semantic Attention and Semantic Working Memory


Kuhl, B., & Anderson, M.C. (2011). More is not always better: Paradoxical effects of repetition on semantic accessibility. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.

Shivde, G.S., & Anderson, M.C. (2011). On the existence of semantic working memory: Evidence for direct semantic maintenance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition.

CBSU publications
Gallo, F.T., Saad, M.B.Z., Silva, A., Morici, J.F., Miranda, M., ANDERSON, M. , Weisstaub, N.B., & Beckinschtein, P. (In Press) Dopamine modulates adaptive forgetting in medial prefrontal cortex, Journal of Neuroscience [Read More]

CRESPO GARCIA, M., Wang, Y., Jiang, M., ANDERSON, M. C., Lei, X. (2022) Anterior Cingulate Cortex Signals the Need to Control Intrusive Thoughts During Motivated Forgetting, Journal of Neuroscience, 18 Apr 2022, 42(21):4342-4359 [Open Access]

APSVALKA, D., Ferreira, C.S., Schmitz, T.W., ROWE, J.B., ANDERSON, M. C. (2022) Dynamic targeting enables domain-general inhibitory control over action and thought by the prefrontal cortex, Nature Communications, 13(1):274, 12 Jan 2022 [Open Access]

ANDERSON, M. , Floresco, S.B. (2021) Prefrontal-Hippocampal Interactions Supporting the Extinction of Emotional Memories: the Retrieval Stopping Model, Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews [Open Access]

ANDERSON, M. C., Hulbert, J.C. (2021) Active Forgetting: Adaptation of Memory by Prefrontal Control, Annual Review of Psychology, 72(1-36) [Open Access]

Yang, W., Liu, P., Zhuang, K., Wei, D., ANDERSON, M. C., Qiu, J. (2020) Behavioral and neural correlates of memory suppression in subthreshold depression., Neuroimaging, 297, 111030 [Read More]

Harrington, M.O., Ashton, J.E., SANKARASUBRAMANIAN, S., ANDERSON, M. C., Cairney, S.A. (2020) Losing Control: Sleep Deprivation Impairs the Suppression of Unwanted Thoughts, Clinical Psychological Science, 9(1), 97-113 [Open Access]

Hulbert, J.C., ANDERSON, M. C. (2020) Does Retrieving a Memory Insulate It Against Memory Inhibition? A Retroactive Interference Study , Memory, 28(3):293-308 [Open Access]

Wang, Y., Luppi, A., Fawcett, J., ANDERSON, M. C. (2019) Reconsidering Unconscious Persistence: Suppressing Unwanted Memories Reduces their Indirect Expression in Later Thoughts , Cognition, 187:78-94 [Open Access]

Aron, Adam R., Castiglione, A., Wagner, J., ANDERSON, M. (2019) Preventing a thought from coming to mind elicits increased right frontal beta just as stopping action does, Cerebral Cortex, 29, 2160–2172 [Open Access]

Levy, Daniel A., Taubenfeld, A., ANDERSON, M. (2018) The impact of retrieval suppression on conceptual implicit memory, Memory, 07 Dec 2018:1-12 [Open Access]

Bekinschtein, P., ANDERSON, M. C., Weisstaub, N., Gallo, F., Renner, M. (2018) A Retrieval-Specific Mechanism of Adaptive Forgetting in the Mammalian Brain, Nature Communications, 9(1), 4660 [Open Access]

Engen, H.G., ANDERSON, M. (2018) Memory Control: A Fundamental Mechanism of Emotion Regulation, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22(11):982-995 [Open Access]

Hulbert, K.C. & ANDERSON, M. C. (2018) What Doesn’t Kill You Makes You Stronger: Psychological Trauma and It’s Relationship to Enhanced Memory Control, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147(12): 1931–1949. [Open Access]

GUO, Y., Schmitz, T.W., MUR, m., Ferreira, C.S., ANDERSON, M. C. (2018) A supramodal role of the basal ganglia in memory and motor inhibition: Meta-analytic evidence, Neuropsychologia, 108, 117-134 [Open Access]

Schmitz, T., ANDERSON, M. (2017) Hippocampal GABA enables inhibitory control over unwanted thoughts, Nature Communications, 8(1):1311 [Open Access]

van Schie, K., ANDERSON, M. C. (2017) Successfully controlling intrusive memories is harder when control must be sustained, Memory, 25(9):1201-1216 [Open Access]

Gangnepain, P., Hulbert, J., ANDERSON, M. (2017) Parallel Regulation of Memory and Emotion Supports the Suppression of Intrusive Memories, Journal of Neuroscience, 37(27):6423-6441] [Open Access]

Hu, X., Bergstrom, Z., Gagnespain, P., ANDERSON, M. (2017) Suppressing Unwanted Memories Reduces Their Unintended Influences, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26(2):197-206 [Open Access]

GREVE, A., COOPER, E., KAULA, A.J., ANDERSON, M. C., HENSON, R. (2017) Does Prediction Error drive one-shot declarative learning?, Journal of Memory and Language, 94, 149–165 [Open Access]

Sacchet, M.D., Levy, B.J., Hamilton, J.P., Maksimovskiy, A., Hertel, P.T., Joormann, J. ANDERSON, M. C., Wagner, A.D., Gotlib, I.H. (2017) Cognitive and neural consequences of memory suppression in major depressive disorder, Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 17(1):77-93 [Open Access]

AUER, T., Catarino, A., Stramaccia, D., & ANDERSON, M. (2016) Combining fMRI neurofeedback with an event-related paradigm to investigate inhibitory memory control, Frontiers in Neuroscience: Conference Abstract: SAN2016 Meeting. doi: 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2016.220.00057 [Open Access]

Benoit, R., ANDERSON, M. , Davies, D. (2016) Reducing future fears by suppressing the brain mechanisms underlying episodic simulation, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(52), E8492-E8501 [Open Access]

Hellerstedt, R.,Johansson, M., ANDERSON, M. C. (2016) Tracking the Intrusion of Unwanted Memories into Awareness with Event-Related Potentials, Neuropsychologia, 89, 510-523 [Open Access]

ANDERSON, M. , Hulbert, J., HENSON, R. (2016) Inducing Amnesia by Systemic Suppression, Nature Communications, 7: 11003 [Open Access]

Streb, M., Mecklinger, A., ANDERSON, M. C., Lass-Hennemann, J, Tanja,M. (2016) Memory control ability modulates intrusive memories after analogue trauma, Journal of Affective Disorders, 192, 134-142 [Open Access]

ANDERSON, M. , Bunce, J.G., Barbas, H. (2016) Prefrontal-Hippocampal Pathways Underlying Inhibitory Control over Memory, Neurobiology of Learning and Memory [Open Access]

Wimber, M., ALINK, A., CHAREST, I., KRIEGSKORTE, N, ANDERSON, M. C. (2015) Retrieval induces adaptive forgetting of competing memories via cortical pattern suppression, Nature Neuroscience, 18(4):582-589 [Open Access]

CATARINO, A., Kupper, C.S., WERNER-SEIDLER, A, DALGLEISH,T, ANDERSON, M. C. (2015) Failing to Forget:Inhibitory-Control Deficits Compromise Memory Suppression in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Psychological Science, 26(5), 604-616 [Open Access]

FAWCETT, J.,Benoit, R., Gagnepain, P., Salman, A., Bartholdy, S., Bradley, C., Chan, D.K-Y., Roche, A., Brewin, C.R. & ANDERSON, M. C. (2015) The origins of repetitive thought in rumination: Seprating cognitive style from deficits in inhibitory control over memory, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 47, June 2015, 1-8 [Open Access]

Benoit, R., Hulbert, J.C., Huddleston, E. & ANDERSON, M. C. (2015) Adaptive top-down suppression of hippocampal activity and the purging of intrusive memories from consciousness, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(1), 96-111 [Read More]

Storm, B., Schilling, C. J., Storm, B. C., & ANDERSON, M. C. (2014) Examining the costs and benefits of inhibition in memory retrieval., Cognition, 133(2), 358-370 [Open Access]

KUPPER, C.D., Benoit, R.G., DALGLEISH, T., ANDERSON, M. C. (2014) Direct suppression as a mechanism for controlling unpleasant memories in daily life., Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(4), 1443-1449 [Open Access]

ANDERSON, M. & Hanslmayr, S. (2014) Neural mechanisms of motivated forgetting, Trends in Cognitive Science, 18(6), 279–292 [Open Access]

Gagnepain, P., HENSON, R. & ANDERSON, M. C. (2014) Suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influence via targeted cortical inhibition, PNAS – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(13), E1310-E1319 [Open Access]

RAE, C., HUGHES, L., WEAVER, C., ANDERSON, M. , ROWE, J. (2014) Selection and stopping in voluntary action: a meta-analysis, NeuroImage, 86, 381-391 [Open Access]

Bergstrom, Z., ANDERSON, M. , Richardson-Klavehn, A., Buda, M., Simons, J. (2013) Intentional retrieval suppression can conceal guilty knowledge in ERP memory detection tests, Biological Psychology, 94(1), 1-11 [Open Access]

Levy, B.J., ANDERSON, M. C (2012) Purging of Memories from Conscious Awareness Tracked in the Human Brain, Journal of Neuroscience, 32(47), 16785-16794 [Read More]

BENOIT, R. & ANDERSON, M. C. (2012) Opposing Mechanisms Support the Voluntary Forgetting of Unwanted Memories, Neuron, 76(2), 450-460 [Open Access]

HUDDLESTON, E., ANDERSON, M. C. (2012) Reassessing Critques of the Independent Probe Method for Studying Inhibition, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 38(5), 1408-1418 [Read More]

HULBERT, J.C. Shivde, G.S. & ANDERSON, M. C. (2012) Evidence against associative blocking as a cause of cue-independent retrieval-induced forgetting, Experimental Psychology, 59(1), 11-21 [Read More]

Shivde, G.S., & ANDERSON, M. C. (2011) On the existence of semantic working memory: Evidence for direct semantic maintenance, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 37(6), 1342-1370 [Read More]

Kuhl, B., & ANDERSON, M. C. (2011) More is not always better: Paradoxical effects of repitition on semantic accessibility, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 18(5), 964-972 [Read More]

ANDERSON, M. C., & HUDDLESTON, E. (2011) Towards a Cognitive and Neurobiological Model of Motivated Forgetting, In Belli, R.F. (Ed), True and false recovered memories: Toward a reconciliation of the debate. Vol 58: Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. New York: Springer [Read More]

Goodmon, L., & ANDERSON, M. C. (2011) Semantic integration as a boundary condition on inhibitory processes in episodic retrieval, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 37(2), 416-436 [Read More]

ANDERSON, M. C. Reinholz, J., & Kuhl, B. & Mayr, U. (2011) Intentional suppression of unwanted memories grows more difficult as we age, Psychology and Aging, 26(2), 397-405 [Read More]

HULBERT, J.C. & ANDERSON, M. C. (2011) The ups and downs of hippocampal modulation: mnemonic consequences of memory control., Eighteenth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society, G38 [Read More]

ANDERSON, M. C., & Levy, B.J. (2010) On the relation between inhibition and interference in cognition, In A. Benjamin (Ed) Successful Remembering and Successful Forgetting: Essays in Honor of Robet A. Bjork, American Psychological Association [Read More]

ANDERSON, M. C., Levy, B.J. (2009) Suppressing unwanted memories, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18(4), 189-194 [Read More]

Paz-Alonso, P.M.., Ghetti, S., Matlen, B.J., ANDERSON, M. C. & Bunge, S.A. (2009) Memory supression is an active process that improves over childhood, Frontiers in Neuroscience, 3, 1-6 [Open Access]

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