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Lexical and sublexical translation of spelling to sound: Strategic anticipation of lexical status.
Monsell, S., Patterson, K., Graham, A., Hughes, C. & Milroy, R.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18, 452-467.
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Are lexical and sub-lexical levels of correspondence between spelling and sound computed by functionally separate processes during oral reading -- as in "dual-route" models? Two experiments compared naming performance in pure blocks of non-words or exception words to performance in blocks of randomly mixed non-words and exception words. Subjects named exception words faster and made fewer regularization errors when they were not also prepared for nonwords. These data suggest inhibition of the computation of assembled phonology when only exception words are expected. Subjects named non-words faster, but no more accurately, when they did not also anticipate low-frequency exception words. Thus subjects' readiness to execute assembled phonology appears to be adjusted in relation to the likely time-course of retrieval of learned pronunciations, when the latter must be attended to. This evidence for strategic dissociation between sub-lexical and lexical translation is discussed in relation to current models.