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Lipreading: Implications for theories of short-term memory.
Gathercole, S.
In B. Dodd & R. Campbell (Eds.), Hearing by Eye: The Psychology of Lipreading (pp.227-241). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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This chapter assesses the evidence for an equivalence of short-term memory storage for auditory and lipread material, and hence for the view that characteristic “auditory memory” phenomena do not necessarily reflect the sensory storage of recent acoustic information. An experiment is reported which provides a systematic comparison of recency and suffix effects for auditory and lipread material. The results are consistent with the notion that there is indeed privileged representation of recent acoustic material,as suggested by echoic memory theories. A further mechanism is also identified, and this appears to contribute to recency for speech-based inputs but not for silently read material. The possible nature of this mechansim is considered.