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Error-free learning in the rehabilitation of individuals with memory impairments.
Wilson, B.A. & Evans, J.J.
Journal of Head Trauma Rehablitation, 11, 54-64
Year of publication:
Despite a long tradition of applying techniques of error-free learning in behavioural psychology, in which such techniques have been used to teach new skills to people with developmental learning disabilities, principles of error-free learning have only recently been explicitly employed in the rehabilitation of people with cognitive deficits acquired later in life. We review the studies that have compared "error-free" with "error-full" learning methods, discuss the cognitive analysis of error-free learning and present some criteria for identifying situations in which error-free learning may provide the genuine advantage over trial and error learning.