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Development and validation of the Functional Posttraumatic Cognitions Questionnaire (FPTCQ) in children and adolescents exposed to accidental trauma
DE HAAN, A., Haag, A-C., Degen, E., & Landolt, M.A.
Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 13(5), 514–521
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Objective. Cognitive models of posttraumatic stress disorder highlight posttraumatic cognitions (PTCs) as a crucial mechanism of trauma adjustment. So far, only dysfunctional PTCs have been investigated in detail. Research on functional PTCs is scarce. This study addresses this gap by developing and validating a self–report measure called Functional Posttraumatic Cognitions Questionnaire (FPTCQ) in children and adolescents. Method. The questionnaire was administered to 114 children and adolescents aged 7 to 15 years who had experienced an acute accidental potentially traumatic event (PTE), such as a road traffic accident (RTA) or a burn injury, and as a result received medical treatment. In addition to classical item analysis and exploratory factor analysis (EFA), reliability and construct validity of the FPTCQ were investigated. Results. The EFA revealed a one-factor structure of the FPTCQ. The final 11-item questionnaire displayed satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach’s a = .78), irrespective of age. Functional PTCs were inversely related to dysfunctional PTCs ( r = -.44, p < .001), PTSS ( r = -.35, p < .001), depression symptoms ( r = -.22, p < .05), and anxiety symptoms ( r = -.43, p < .001), thus supporting construct validity. Conclusions. The FPTCQ is a reliable and valid measure for standardized assessment of functional PTCs among children and adolescents.
Data for this project is held by an external institution. Please contact the authors to request a copy.