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The organization of the lexicon in Japanese: Single and compound kanji.
Morton, J., Sasanuma, S., Patterson, K. & Sakuma, N.
British Journal of Psychology, 83, 517-531.
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A word written in Japanese kanji can be single (one kanji character) or compound (more than one character). We investigated the mental representation of single-kanji and two-kanji compound words by means of a long-term facilitation paradigm. Over two experiments, the pattern of results indicated that identification of a target word was facilitated only by prior exposure to that identical word and not by a different word (single or compound) sharing a character with the target word.